We use the “Development Matters in the Early Years Foundation Stage” (DFE 2012) document to inform, plan and assess our curriculum. The Characteristics of Effective Learning underpin our pedagogy and are:
Playing and exploring – engagement, finding out and exploring, playing with what they know and being willing to ‘have a go’.
Active learning – motivation, being involved and concentrating, keeping trying and enjoying achieving what they set out to do.
Creating and Thinking Critically – thinking, having their own ideas, making links and choosing ways to do things.
The EYFS sets the standards that schools must meet to ensure that children learn and develop well and are kept healthy and safe. It promotes teaching and learning to ensure ‘school readiness’ and gives children the broad range of knowledge and skills that provide the right foundation for good progress through school and life.
The areas of learning and development are divided into seven areas. Three areas are particularly important for igniting children’s enthusiasm for learning. The 3 prime areas, considered essential for children’s healthy development and future learning are:
- Communication and language
- Physical development
- Personal, social and emotional development
As children grow and develop, the prime areas will help them to develop skills in 4 specific areas:
- Understanding the world
- Expressive arts and design
The curriculum is organised so that children learn through a combination of child and adult-directed activities.
At the end of Reception, the children will be assessed against the 17 Early Learning Goals and their progress will be shared with parents.
English is taught following the new National Curriculum guidelines (from September 2014)
Speaking and Listening: Speaking and Listening is at the heart of all literacy activities in our school; the curriculum is planned to engage learners through high quality drama and role play. There are opportunities for children to develop confidence and self-esteem and they are encouraged to adapt their speaking for different audiences.
Reading: We believe that children should think of themselves as readers from the very beginning, so they take books home from their first day in school.
In Foundation Stage and KS1 we use Soundswrite to teach reading skills. This is a structured phonics and spelling programme which is differentiated according to the levels at which children are working. All children are heard read by their teacher at least once a week, often in a guided group reading session focusing on all aspects of reading including comprehension and inference skills. Class teachers read to the children regularly, and each class has a focus on a well-known childrens’ author which changes throughout the year. We believe that if children have access to a wide range of good quality children’s literature it helps them develop good comprehension, expands their vocabulary and fires the imagination, all of which supports them to be better writers. Children visit the school Library each week and are encouraged to take books home on loan.
Writing: Units of work are planned using the National Curriculum and linked, where possible, to topic based work that is relevant in each class. In addition, basic skills are taught discretely in every class (cursive (joined) handwriting, spelling, vocabulary and grammar).
The aims of the 2014 Maths Primary Curriculum ensure that all pupils;
- Become fluent in the fundamentals of Mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils have conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately
- Reason Mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalising and developing an argument, justification or proof using Mathematical language
- Can solve problems by applying their Mathematics to a variety of routine and non routine problems with increasing sophistication including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions
To achieve these aims, we follow a practical, investigative scheme of work which gives pupils the opportunity both to learn new skills and concepts and to apply these in problem solving situations. Lessons are planned to allow children to acquire new concepts and to consolidate these through practical investigative Mathematical activities that lead to real learning. Teachers and teaching assistants facilitate the children’s learning by supporting and extending their thinking through appropriate questioning.
Children learn to record their work in a way that is clear and appropriate to them. They are taught formal written calculation methods which are in line with the requirements of the new Primary Curriculum. (See revised Calculation Policy)
Alongside this, children learn and practise ‘basic skills’ in Mathematics such as times tables and number bonds.
Maths teaching ensures coverage of the objectives from each strand and providing opportunities to revisit and build upon previous learning. In our mixed age classes, teachers plan by linking similar objectives from the different year groups together. There is not an expectation that children will be taught from the curriculum of the following year group so provision is made, through challenging problem solving activities, to extend the learning of higher achieving children.
Programmes of Study
Children are taught to explore, observe, record, predict, question and test hypotheses through a variety of contexts, including Living Things, Materials and Physical Processes. Christopher Reeves is ideally situated for outdoor activities being surrounded by open countryside. We have an enclosed garden area with raised vegetable beds and a pond and there are facilities for observing wildlife around the school grounds.
Information & Communication Technology (ICT)
Each classroom has an Interactive Whiteboard and at least two desktop PCs and we have a mobile suite of 15 laptops. Children are taught skills through a structured programme which is compliant with the 2014 Curriculum. They learn word processing, programming, presentation, data, and email skills, and are encouraged to use these skills to support and enhance their learning in all areas of the curriculum. We also have a range of hardware including programmable toys, camcorders, digital cameras, computer microscopes and CD players which are used to enhance the teaching and learning in ICT and other areas of the curriculum.
In this society we are very mindful of the dangers posed by the internet and games which xmany children have access to. Therefore we ensure that a structured and progressive programme is in place to ensure every child knows how to keep themselves safe online. Parents’ workshops are also scheduled regularly and run by PC Richard Denton of Bedfordshire Police. The content of these sessions is updated regularly to reflect changes in technology and software.
Design Technology includes food technology, card and paper technology, woodwork and mouldable materials. The children are taught skills and techniques and then given opportunities to apply these skills in a broader context. Each year we hold a very popular Christmas Craft Morning where parents are invited to work with small groups and help the children make decorations for the Christmas tree.
History and Geography are taught through cross-curricular topics and are linked where possible to core subjects such as Literacy and ICT. The younger children begin by learning about events within living memory and about their own environment, later moving onto more abstract learning about people and places such as the Romans, Victorians and Europe. We have a link with a school in Ghana; children are involved in class-based activities and projects such as letter writing and making books about life in our country. These activities have really begun to raise an awareness of life beyond the local area. We believe that this is particularly important for our children who are growing up in an area that is populated in the main by people of white British origin.
Physical Education (P.E.)
We believe that physical activity is extremely important for the health and fitness of our children. PE should be a fun activity that the children can derive enjoyment from, and leading to a lifelong interest and involvement in sporting or fitness activities. Skills are taught progressively throughout the school. The children have lessons in Dance, gymnastics, games, swimming and outdoor adventurous activities. We also have a number of after school clubs. We collaborate with local providers to be able to offer a range of competitions and events for our children to take part in. Some of these activities are funded through the Government’s new Sports Premium funding and this funding has really allowed our small school to extend the range of activities it can provide both in and outside lessons.
Children are taught how to use a wide range of media and study the work of important artists. Often art is linked closely to topic work- e.g. when studying gardens children are taught about the work of William Morris. From Foundation Stage all children are taught basic skills such as colour mixing and colour washing, they are also taught the correct use of tools.
Music is an integral part of our curriculum. Class lessons are timetabled weekly and all children are encouraged to take up learning an instrument from Year 2. They have the opportunity to learn the recorder from Year 2 and violin and piano from Year 3. We work closely with Bedford Borough Music Service teachers to provide good quality tuition and opportunities. Classes access weekly lessons for a term (Samba/percussion, ukulele etc) then come together to perform with other schools in Bedford Borough at an annual concert. Children learning the violin also have the opportunity to take part in the Fiddle Fiesta at Sharnbrook Upper School each year. We also arrange in school concerts and use visiting musicians in lessons to teach workshops and demonstrations sometimes in different musical and cultural traditions.
Religious Education (R.E.)
The curriculum is based largely on Diocesan guidelines supplemented with materials from the Bedfordshire Agreed Syllabus and other suitable resources; children not only learn about different faiths (Christianity and other main world religions) but they learn from faith; i.e. reflecting on how faith affects people’s lives. Children visit places of worship such as the Parish Church, the Mosque and the Gurdwara and where possible, learning experiences are planned that link with other skills such as art/design or drama. One of the most successful events in recent years was the mock Christian wedding to coincide with the Royal Wedding in April 2011.
Personal, Social, Health, Citizenship & Economic Education (P.S.H.C.E.)
We schedule a range of regular themed weeks such as Anti-Bullying Week, Road Safety week, and Healthy Living Week. Also PSHCE is taught throughout the year as a discrete subject in lessons/circle time. We use the SEAL units from the Primary Strategy and these units link closely to our Values Programme. PSHCE helps children to understand the world in which they live and how their personal choices affect not only themselves but also those around them.
French lessons take place every week in Year 3 and 4. Children learn conversational French in an interactive way with songs, games and puppets. We occasionally plan events such as European Week, where classes learn about the culture and language of a specific country e.g. Germany, Poland, France, and Spain.
Sex & Relationships Education
In the context of our Christian Values we believe that children should learn how to develop loving and respectful relationships with others. Through a progressive curriculum they learn:
How to develop loving and respectful relationships with others ( mainly through Values and SEAL)
The Science of life cycles and about babies and their needs, and how we change as we get older. At Year 4 children begin to learn about the changes that will affect them at Puberty
Parents receive weekly newsletters detailing what children will be learning in the Foundation Stage. In Years 1 to 4 curriculum plans are shared each term with parents, Parents are also invited to attend Curriculum evenings which are held each term, each term the focus is on a different area of the curriculum. Parents are welcome to contact teaching staff direct to find out more about the curriculum their child is following if they require further information.